Citizens’ fundamental rights are their basic rights. According to the Constitution of Pakistan 1973, all people are equal before the law and have the right to equal protection under the law. Citizens’ fundamental rights are their basic rights. According to Fundamental Rights in Pakistan, all people/citizens of Pakistan are equal before the eye of the law Pakistan’s constitution, all people are equal before the law and have the right to equal protection under the law.
States have an obligation to safeguard, promote, and guarantee the enjoyment of human rights. Most human rights are due by governments to “all individuals” inside their territory, whereas specific human rights are owed by states to “particular groups of people”. The critical distinction between human and basic rights is spatial. Human rights are ‘universal’ and unrestricted. Fundamental rights, on the other hand, exist inside a certain legal system, where a right is an interest recognized and protected by law.
Articles 8-28 constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan describes the fundamental rights of citizens;
Article 9 Security of person:
This Article of Fundamental rights says that No one shall be deprived of life or liberty save in accordance with the law.
Article 10 Safeguard to arrest and detention:
According to this fundamental right of Constitution of Pakistan No one who is arrested should be retained in jail without being notified of the reasons for his detention as quickly as possible, nor may he be denied the opportunity to consult and be represented by a legal practitioner of his choice.
Every person arrested and detained in custody must be produced before a magistrate within twenty-four hours of their arrest, excluding the time required for the journey from the place of arrest to the nearest magistrate’s court, and no such person may be detained in custody beyond that time without the authority of a magistrate.
Article 10-A Right to Fair Trial:
A person has the right to a fair trial and due process when determining his civil rights and duties or when facing criminal prosecution.
Article 11 Forced Labor:
Article 11 of the Constitution of Pakistan talks about Fundamental rights and says;
(1) Slavery is illegal and unconstitutional, and no legislation may authorize or assist its entrance into Pakistan in any manner.
(2) All types of forced labor and human trafficking are forbidden.
(3) No child under the age of fourteen should be employed in any industry, mine, or other dangerous occupation.
Article 12 protection against retrospective punishment:
No law shall authorize the punishment of a person:
(a) for an act or omission that was not punishable by law at the time of the act or omission; or
(b) for an offense by a penalty greater than, or of a different kind than, the penalty prescribed by law for that offense at the time of the offense is a fundamental right in the Constitution of Pakistan.
Article 13 protection Against double protection:
No one shall:
(a) be prosecuted or punished for the same offense more than once; or
(b) be forced to testify against oneself when accused of an offense.
Article 14 Human dignity is inviolable.
(1) Man’s dignity and, according to law, the privacy of his house are inviolable.
(2) No one shall be tortured for the purpose of obtaining evidence.
Article 15 A Freedom of Movement:
Article 15 of the Fundamental Rights ensures freedom of movement as well as the right to live and work in any area of the nation. The ability to travel freely is a basic right granted to all citizens that may only be limited or denied if the law imposes any justifiable limitation in the public interest.
Article 16 Freedom of Assembly:
The right to peaceful assembly protects individuals’ and groups’ rights to gather in order to exchange ideas and information, to publicly express opinions, and to hold peaceful protests. Article 16 of the Constitution guarantees the right to peaceful assembly without the use of arms and it is a fundamental right in the constitution of Pakistan. Only in the interest of public order can the law limit this right.
Article 17 Freedom of Association:
The ability to associate is a basic human right, and Article 17 of the Constitution preserves all citizens’ right to organize political parties, groups, and unions. The people of Pakistan have the right to exercise this freedom, subject to any reasonable limits imposed by legislation in the interests of Pakistan’s sovereignty or integrity, public order, or morality.
Article 18 Freedom to Business, Trade, Profession:
Every citizen shall have the right, subject to any qualifications imposed by law, to engage in any legitimate profession or vocation, and to engage in any authorized trade or business:
Article 19 Freedom of Speech:
Article 19 of the Constitution addresses the freedoms of speech, expression, and the press. Every Pakistani citizen has the freedom to have ideas, the right to express them, and the right to free expression. Only for the sake of the glory of Islam and the integrity, security, and defense of Pakistan, to preserve public order, decency, and morality, or in connection to contempt of court and/or instigation of a crime, may the law abrogate this privilege.
Article 19-A Right to information:
Citizens have the basic right to information (RTI), which allows them to get information from government and commercial organizations that receive public revenue. RTI is built on the premise that information belongs to the people, and that public officials are only stewards of that information. This right is guaranteed under Article 19-A of the Constitution in the Fundamental Rights of Pakistan.
Article 20 Freedom to profess religion and to manage religious institutions:
Subject to the provisions of law, public order, and morality: (a) every citizen has the right to profess, practice, and spread his religion; and (b) every religious denomination and sect thereof has the right to create, maintain, and govern its religious institutions.
Article 21 Protect yourself from taxes for religious causes:
No one shall be forced to pay a special tax whose revenues are to be used on the promotion or preservation of any religion other than his own.
Article 22 Religious and other safeguards for educational institutions:
No one enrolled in an educational institution should be obliged to receive religious instruction, participate in religious ceremonies, or attend religious worship if such teaching, ceremony, or worship is related to a faith other than his own.
Article 23 Provision as to Property:
Every citizen has the right to acquire, own, and dispose of property in any area of Pakistan, subject to the Constitution and any reasonable limits established by legislation for the public good.
Article 24 Protection of Property Rights:
(1) No one shall be compelled to give up his property unless in line with the law.
(2) No property may be acquired or brought into compulsory possession except for a public purpose and only with the authorization of legislation that provides for compensation and either establishes the amount of compensation or defines the grounds on which compensation is to be decided and granted.
Article 25 Right of Citizen:
All citizens are equal before the law and have the same legal protection. Article 25 of the Constitution ensures the equality of all people, without regard to gender. Nonetheless, given the situation of women and children in the nation, nothing in this article prevents the state from establishing specific provisions for their protection.
Article 25-A Right to Education:
A basic human right is a right to free and compulsory education. Article 25-A assures the provision of free and obligatory education to all children aged 5-16 years in accordance with the law. You can further research Fundamental Rights in Pakistan